The present library has been developed around the library started by Sir. C. V. Raman. After the institute’s activities enlarged from 1972 onwards, library’s collection developed in the new areas of research activities. Currently, the library collection is strong in the areas of astronomy and astrophysics, theoretical physics, optics and liquid crystals. Apart from these subjects there are books on Computer Science, Electronics, scientific biographies, general science, nature and fine arts. The library also has a collection of non-book materials like CD-ROMs & DVDs. The library participates in inter library networking activities and has a good rapport with the libraries in the city as well as outside. It is used by not only by the scientists of RRI but also by others belonging to Indian Institute of Science, Indian Institute of Astrophysics, Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, National Aerospace Laboratories, National Centre for Biological Sciences, TIFR Centre for Applicable Mathematics and others. The library has full text access to several online journals.
Apart from acquiring books and subscription of journals, library offers circulation, reprographic and interlibrary borrowing services. Library has online access to 4000+ journals from various publishers through National Knowledge Resource Consortium. The library helps readers with their literature search and also provides a daily current awareness service about new development in science. Using KOHA software, the library catalogue has been computerized and OPAC is available for access to the readers both within and outside the Institute. Library uses Dspace-a digital assets management software to archive the heritage and scholarly scientfic output of the institute.